Ensuring a healthier life for future generations is our primary mission
Bosnia and Herzegovina ranks fifth in Europe in terms of mortality from the consequences of various types of pollution, mostly due to polluted air, the results of research by the Global Alliance for Health and Pollution (GAHP) showed.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is the first in Europe in the number of deaths due to air pollution, only North Korea is worse in the world!
Can sustainable construction and green industries save the world?
Small hydropower plants
The amounts of electricity produced from these facilities are insignificant, and the concession fees are so low that the local community has almost no benefit from them. Hydroelectric plants are often the reason why certain villages are left without drinking water and they lead to the destruction of aquatic ecosystems. There is no strategic approach to granting concessions for the construction of facilities for the production of electricity from renewable energy sources. Small hydropower plants have a negative impact on all segments of the environment during construction and use, they are migration barriers for fish, the minimum ecological flow is often not respected and riverbeds remain dry, and water quality is impaired.
Air pollution in Bosnia “eats” 21.5 percent of the gross national product through reduced productivity of people and costs for treating diseases caused by air pollution. To whom in Bosnia and Herzegovina does that not sound alarming? Citizens protesting in the cities of the Balkans do so for a reason, not because of the data, but because they suffocate in dirty dust air every day!
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the majority of wastewater is discharged into waterways without prior treatment. Many larger cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina with their numerous suburban settlements do not have coverage of the entire area with a sewage system for the removal of waste water to the location of the waste water treatment plant, which increases this problem more and more.
For example, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, an average of 30 m3/s of wastewater is released into watercourses. The total burden of pollution is about 15 million equivalent inhabitants, that is, water is polluted as if 15 million inhabitants live in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina and discharge their untreated wastewater into waterways. Usually the most polluted are those watercourses that are otherwise poor in water.
Wild landfills and garbage disposal
According to estimates, there are approximately 1,100 illegal landfills in Bosnia and Herzegovina, although 10 to 15 percent of them have recently been closed across the country, while there are approximately 340 illegal landfills in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. They can most often be seen in forests, next to rivers and along roadsides, and anything and everything is dumped on them, from household appliances, furniture, animal remains to construction materials.